Original Article: JRCRS. 2021; 9(1): 10-13.
2- Association of Knee Osteoarthritis with Difficulty During Activities of Daily Life in Elderly Females: A Cross Sectional Study.
Sidra Firdous Iqbal1, Arzoo Nawaz2, Arooj Fatima3, Ashfaq Ahmad4
1-3 Senior Lecturer, University of Lahore
4 Assistant Professor, University of Lahore
Objectives: This study aims to determine association between knee osteoarthritis (OA) and difficulty during activities of daily living in elderly female patients.
Methods: The cross-sectional study was carried out on 167 patients that presented with osteoarthritis of the knee in various hospitals of Lahore city, sample size was calculated by using epi-tool. Females aged 45-82 years with diagnosed knee OA of either one or both knees evaluated by using radiographs, were included in study. Degree of difficulty while performing ADL’s was assessed by using knee OA- related health assessment survey (WOMAC Osteoarthritis Index). Data was analyzed using SPSS 21.0.
Results: The resulting mean age of the elderly female patients was 58.33 + 8.836 ranging from 45 to 82 years. The results showed incidence of knee osteoarthritis in the elderly females as 91(54.5%) with OA in left knee, 63(37.7%) with right knee OA and 13(7.8%) with bilateral knee OA. A significant association among knee OA and difficulty during ascending stairs (0.018), difficulty during rising from sitting (0.002), difficulty during bending to floor (0.042), difficulty during getting in/out of car (0.03), difficulty in putting on socks (0.045), difficulty in taking off socks (0.001), difficulty getting in/out of bath (0.024), difficulty during on off toile (0.022) exits.
Conclusion: The propositions of these results focus the intense influence of Knee OA on daily living activities that have not been clearly recognized in the previous studies. These results proposed that a decline in chore-explicit knee pain according to severity of the disease can increase stages of physical activity.
Key words: Activities of Daily Living, Difficulty, Knee Osteoarthritis