Original Article: JRCRS. 2020; 8(2): 74 -77
6- Relation of Overweight (BMI) and Health-Related Quality of Life among Adults.
Shakeela Perveen1, Fizah Mahnoor Khan2, Aamir Gul Memon3, Tayyaba Zulqarnain4, Hadiqa Adnan5, Mariam Abbasi6
1Demonstrator/Physical Therapist, Rawal Institute of rehabilitation sciences
2Research Assistant/Physical Therapist, Foundation University Islamabad
3Demonstrator/Physical Therapist, Suleman Roshan college of physiotherapy and rehab
4Demonstrator/Physical Therapist, Shifa tameer e milat university
5,6Demonstrator/Physical Therapist, Islamabad Medical and Dental collage
Background: Overweight is an excessive amount of body fat than normal. BMI is used as a screening tool to identify which weight category person is in. Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) include physical, mental, emotional, and social functioning. The prevalence of overweight weighted to the general Pakistani population is 25.0% and Prevalence of obesity is 10.3%.
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to find out the relation of obesity with health-related quality of life (HRQOL).
Methodology: This correlation study was conducted at Rawalpindi and Islamabad. The study duration was 6 months from February 2018 – July 2018. Total of 500 overweight males and females were selected through Purposive Sampling. Self-structured questionnaire for demographic and Quality of Life was assessed through the health-related quality of life questionnaire (HRQOL). Data were analyzed using SPSS version 21.0.
Results: A total of 500 individuals responded to a survey with a mean age of 20.43 ± 1.485. Out of 500, 55% (275) were female and 45% (225) were male. There is an indirect significant correlation between overweight (BMI) and HRQOL with r value -1.05 and p-value 0.19. Psychosocial outcomes are negatively correlated with Overweight.
Conclusion: This study concluded that there is an inverse relationship between overweight and quality of life, both in males and females. All psychosocial aspects of life are affected by elevated BMI. The study will bring awareness in health care worker about physical and mental stress related to High BMI score which needs it to be improved for the betterment of health.
Keywords: Body mass index, Health-related Quality of life and psychosocial outcome, Overweight